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March 2021

A broken or fractured bone in the foot is not always obvious. While it may cause symptoms such as pain, swelling, bruising, and difficulty walking, your doctor will still need to perform certain tests in order to confirm the diagnosis. X-rays, CT scans, bone scans, or an MRI can all be used to visualize the broken bone, as well as other foot injuries. If a bone in the foot is broken, a podiatrist may prescribe a variety of treatments depending on the severity of the break. These may include modifying daily activities to reduce stress on the affected foot, wearing a cast or splint, or surgery. If you suspect that you may have broken your foot, please seek the care of a podiatrist as soon as possible. 

Activities where too much pressure is put on the feet can cause stress fractures. To learn more, contact Kennan Runte, DPM from Foothill Podiatry Clinic. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep your pain free and on your feet.

Dealing with Stress Fractures of the Foot and Ankle

Stress fractures occur in the foot and ankle when muscles in these areas weaken from too much or too little use.  The feet and ankles then lose support when walking or running from the impact of the ground. Since there is no protection, the bones receive the full impact of each step. Stress on the feet can cause cracks to form in the bones, thus creating stress fractures.

What Are Stress Fractures?

Stress fractures occur frequently in individuals whose daily activities cause great impact on the feet and ankles. Stress factors are most common among:

  • Runners                                  
  • People affected with Osteoporosis
  • Tennis or basketball players
  • Gymnasts
  • High impact workouts

Symptoms

Pain from the fractures occur in the area of the fractures and can be constant or intermittent. It will often cause sharp or dull pain with swelling and tenderness. Engaging in any kind of activity which involves high impact will aggravate pain.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Grass Valley, CA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Monday, 22 March 2021 00:00

What Do Plantar Warts Look Like?

Plantar warts are warts that appear on the bottoms of the feet due to a human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Plantar warts often look like circular spots of thick, callused skin. These spots will typically have tiny black dots on the surface, which are actually bits of dried blood. Plantar warts are usually flat and grow inwards as pressure from walking is applied to them. This often leads to pain. A plantar wart can occur on its own, multiply to form additional satellite warts, or can appear as a “mosaic” of several plantar warts growing closely together. Warts on the bottom of the feet can be treated with topical or oral medications, laser therapy, or cryotherapy. To learn more about plantar warts, please speak with a podiatrist. 

Plantar warts can be very uncomfortable. If you need your feet checked, contact Kennan Runte, DPM from Foothill Podiatry Clinic. Our doctor will assist you with all of your foot and ankle needs.

About Plantar Warts

Plantar warts are the result of HPV, or human papillomavirus, getting into open wounds on the feet. They are mostly found on the heels or balls of the feet.

While plantar warts are generally harmless, those experiencing excessive pain or those suffering from diabetes or a compromised immune system require immediate medical care. Plantar warts are easily diagnosed, usually through scraping off a bit of rough skin or by getting a biopsy.

Symptoms

  • Lesions on the bottom of your feet, usually rough and grainy
  • Hard or thick callused spots
  • Wart seeds, which are small clotted blood vessels that look like little black spots
  • Pain, discomfort, or tenderness of your feet when walking or standing

Treatment

  • Freezing
  • Electric tool removal
  • Laser Treatment
  • Topical Creams (prescription only)
  • Over-the-counter medications

To help prevent developing plantar warts, avoid walking barefoot over abrasive surfaces that can cause cuts or wounds for HPV to get into. Avoiding direct contact with other warts, as well as not picking or rubbing existing warts, can help prevent the further spread of plantar warts. However, if you think you have developed plantar warts, speak to your podiatrist. He or she can diagnose the warts on your feet and recommend the appropriate treatment options.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Grass Valley, CA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Wednesday, 17 March 2021 00:00

Reminder: When Was the Last Time...?

Custom orthotics, or shoe inserts, should be periodically replaced. Orthotics must fit properly to give you the best results. Protect your feet and ankles!

Monday, 15 March 2021 00:00

Ingrown Toenail Treatments

Ingrown toenails occur when the edge of a nail grows into the surrounding skin instead of over it. This results in pain, tenderness, swelling, warmth, and redness of the skin surrounding the nail. In some cases, the area can become infected and produce drainage. Ingrown toenails can be treated at home by soaking the feet in warm water with Epsom salts several times per day and wearing open-toed and loose-fitting shoes. If symptoms do not improve with home treatment, a podiatrist can help by gently lifting the edge of the nail out from underneath the skin and placing sterile cotton under the nail. Sometimes surgery is required to treat the ingrown toenail. While using a local anesthetic, the doctor can cut away the portion of the nail that is ingrown. When ingrown toenails are infected, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics to treat the infection. If you have a painful ingrown toenail, consulting with a podiatrist is recommended.

Ingrown toenails can become painful if they are not treated properly. For more information about ingrown toenails, contact Kennan Runte, DPM of Foothill Podiatry Clinic. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Ingrown Toenails

Ingrown toenails occur when a toenail grows sideways into the bed of the nail, causing pain, swelling, and possibly infection.

Causes

  • Bacterial infections
  • Improper nail cutting such as cutting it too short or not straight across
  • Trauma to the toe, such as stubbing, which causes the nail to grow back irregularly
  • Ill-fitting shoes that bunch the toes too close together
  • Genetic predisposition

Prevention

Because ingrown toenails are not something found outside of shoe-wearing cultures, going barefoot as often as possible will decrease the likeliness of developing ingrown toenails. Wearing proper fitting shoes and using proper cutting techniques will also help decrease your risk of developing ingrown toenails.

Treatment

Ingrown toenails are a very treatable foot condition. In minor cases, soaking the affected area in salt or antibacterial soaps will not only help with the ingrown nail itself, but also help prevent any infections from occurring. In more severe cases, surgery is an option. In either case, speaking to your podiatrist about this condition will help you get a better understanding of specific treatment options that are right for you.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Grass Valley, CA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Monday, 08 March 2021 00:00

The Importance of Treating Cracked Heels

When skin on the heels becomes severely dry, thick, and callused, cracked heels can occur. Along with being unsightly and uncomfortable, cracked heels that are left untreated may deepen, bleed, or even become infected. Although women are much more likely to develop cracked heels, men are susceptible as well. In most cases, cracked heels can be treated or even prevented at home with topical emollient or occlusive moisturizers that hydrate the heel and seal in moisture. Gently massaging the area with a pumice stone can help thin down calluses, but they should not be used by those with neuropathy or diabetes. If you are experiencing severe pain, redness or swelling in the cracked heel area—or anywhere on the foot—it is suggested that you consult a podiatrist for proper treatment and to avoid infection.

Cracked heels are unsightly and can cause further damage to your shoes and feet. If you have any concerns, contact Kennan Runte, DPM from Foothill Podiatry Clinic. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Cracked Heels

Cracked heels appear unappealing and can make it harder for you walk around in sandals. Aside from looking unpleasant, cracked heels can also tear stockings, socks, and wear out your shoes. There are several methods to help restore a cracked heel and prevent further damage.

How Do You Get Them?

Dry skin is the number one culprit in creating cracked heels. Many athletes, walkers, joggers, and even swimmers suffer from cracked heels. Age and skin oil production play a role to getting cracked heels as well.

Promote Healing

Over the counter medicines can help, especially for those that need instant relief or who suffer from chronic dry feet.

Wear Socks – Wearing socks with medicated creams helps lock in moisture.

Moisturizers – Applying both day and night will help alleviate dryness which causes cracking.

Pumice Stones – These exfoliate and remove dead skin, which allows for smoother moisturizer application and better absorption into the skin. 

Change in Diet

Eating healthy with a well-balanced diet will give the skin a fresh and radiant look. Your body responds to the kinds of food you ingest. Omega-3 fatty acids and zinc supplements can also revitalize skin tissue.

Most importantly, seek professional help if unsure how to proceed in treating cracked heels. A podiatrist will help you with any questions or information needed. 

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Grass Valley, CA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Monday, 01 March 2021 00:00

How Gout Forms

Extreme pain is a common symptom of gout. This is a form of arthritis that often affects the joints in the big toe. Some patients feel the effects of gout in the instep and ankles, and it can cause difficulty in walking. Gout generally develops as a result of excess uric acid in the blood, which can be influenced by diet. Consuming foods high in purines, such as shellfish, red meat, and sugary drinks can raise levels of uric acid in the blood. The uric acid can cause crystals to form in the joints of the feet. Diagnosing gout involves taking a small amount of fluid from the affected joint to check it for uric acid. If you are afflicted with gout, it is strongly recommended that you are under the care of a podiatrist who can properly treat this condition.

 

Gout is a painful condition that can be treated. If you are seeking treatment, contact Kennan Runte, DPM from Foothill Podiatry Clinic. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Is Gout?

Gout is a form of arthritis that is characterized by sudden, severe attacks of pain, redness, and tenderness in the joints. The condition usually affects the joint at the base of the big toe. A gout attack can occur at any random time, such as the middle of the night while you are asleep.

Symptoms

  • Intense Joint Pain - Usually around the large joint of your big toe, and it most severe within the first four to twelve hours
  • Lingering Discomfort - Joint discomfort may last from a few days to a few weeks
  • Inflammation and Redness -Affected joints may become swollen, tender, warm and red
  • Limited Range of Motion - May experience a decrease in joint mobility

Risk Factors

  • Genetics - If family members have gout, you’re more likely to have it
  • Medications - Diuretic medications can raise uric acid levels
  • Gender/Age - Gout is more common in men until the age of 60. It is believed that estrogen protects women until that point
  • Diet - Eating red meat and shellfish increases your risk
  • Alcohol - Having more than two alcoholic drinks per day increases your risk
  • Obesity - Obese people are at a higher risk for gout

Prior to visiting your podiatrist to receive treatment for gout, there are a few things you should do beforehand. If you have gout you should write down your symptoms--including when they started and how often you experience them, important medical information you may have, and any questions you may have. Writing down these three things will help your podiatrist in assessing your specific situation so that he or she may provide the best route of treatment for you.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Grass Valley, CA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Everything You Need to Know About Gout
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